What are Australia’s main cities and regions?

What are Australia's main cities and regions

Australia’s cities are among the best in the world to live in. In this post, we explain about the cities and administrative regions in Australia. Known for the Great Barrier Reef, the immense Outback Desert and the diversity of fauna and flora, Oceania’s largest nation has a lot to offer when it comes to urban life.

Between the Indian and Pacific oceans, Australia has about 25 million inhabitants, according to the last census in 2018, distributed in a territorial area exceeding 7.5 million km². The country’s population is, in large part, of European descent, due to British colonization from the 18th century onwards. Since the 1970s, however, the territory has invested in Australia’s immigration policies, which attracted many Asians to the nation. The natives, called Aborigines, however, represent a small demographic portion.

About the geography of the land of kangaroos, it can be said that in the southeast are the Australian Alps (where the highest point in Australia is located, Mount Kosciusko, at 2.2 meters altitude) and the Murray and Darling rivers, as well. like the island of Tasmania, in the coastal direction.

At the northeastern tip of the coast is the famous Barrier Reef, while the Great Desert of Vitória is located in the west of the country. To the east, at last, there is an immense mountain range, the Great Dividing Range.

Although Australia’s economy is successful, the land of kangaroos is not a densely populated country, with the desert region of Outback being sparsely populated. Thus, around 85% of Australians, whose official language is English, live in coastal administrative regions and coastal cities.

The nation is divided into states and territories, which are the Northern Territory, Victoria (southeast), Tasmania (southeast), Queensland (northeast), South Australia, New South Wales (east), Australian Capital Territory and Western Australia (west).

Curious to find out what the main urban areas in Australia are? So, check out the article right now and ask your questions about the topic!

1. Northern Territory

The Northern Territory is one of the main administrative areas in Australia and, according to the last census, from 2012, it had more than 230 thousand inhabitants, in an area of 1.4 million km². The capital Darwin is located on the north coast of the country. In addition, the satellite city of Palmerston is another important urban area in the region. In the region, whose coastline extends from the Indian Ocean to the Land of Arnhem, the main economic activity is mining, extracting iron, uranium, oil and natural gas. Tourism, especially to Kakadu National Park, and livestock are other important sources of income in the Northern Territory.

2. Darwin

Located on the Timor Sea, Darwin has around 150,000 inhabitants and marks the position of Australia’s northernmost capital. The fact is strategic for the local economy, since the city is relatively close to countries like Indonesia and East Timor, in Southeast Asia.

In this, which is the 15th largest city in Australia, with a history of dense population from the 19th century, jobs related to port trade and mineral extraction are valued, and culture has on Territory Day (Territory Day), celebrated in 1 July, one of its highlights.

3. New South Wales

Founded by the British colony in 1788, the New South Wales region is on Australia’s east coast and borders Queensland (north), Victoria (south) and South Australia (west). The region, whose capital is Sydney, has more than 8 million inhabitants, making it the most populous state in Australia.

New South Wales’ economy is primarily focused on financial services and information technology, with major corporate headquarters in Sydney. In addition, coal is one of the most exported natural products by the state and tourism also occupies a prominent position in the regional economy.

4. Sydney

Australia’s most populous city, Sydney is a metropolis with a thriving economy and social life. Built on the coast, facing the Tasman Sea, the capital of New South Wales concentrates one of the main natural ports on the planet and is known for its multiculturalism, due to the ethnic diversity of its population.

Sydney emerged as the economic and cultural center of Australia in the 18th century, with the occupation of the first British settlers in the place. Today, the economic sector is betting on manufacturing, tourism and technology companies to gain strength and open more jobs. In culture, the Sydney Opera House has become the city’s biggest postcard, but the capital’s nightlife is not intended for this tourist attraction. With bars, pubs and restaurants, the night seems to extend to the streets of the center, which also has options for centenary theaters and cinemas.

The capital is also one of the top destinations for those looking to study in Australia, as it offers some of the nation’s most traditional university centers (such as the University of Sydney and UNSW Sydney) and English language schools.

5. Newcastle

Located at the mouth of the Hunter River, Newcastle is the second most populous city in the state of New South Wales. With 322,000 inhabitants, its settlement gained strength with the arrival of European settlers in the 18th century. The city’s economy is based on the coal trade, with the port of Newcastle being the world’s number one export of this mineral product. Copper and steel exploration, in addition to soap production, are other important assets of the local economy.

6. Canberra

In the far north of the Australian Capital Territory, Canberra (or Canberra) is the country’s largest city and the eighth largest nationally, with about 420,000 people (2018 Census). The history of the urban settlement dates back to the British colonization, which carried out expeditions to the region throughout the 18th century.

Designed by an important North American architect in the 20th century, the national capital has Lake Burley Griffin at the center, from which the avenues and the main urban blocks of the city emerge. In relation to the economy, the level of unemployment in the municipality is one of the lowest in all of Australia, with public administration being the area that employs the most. Thus, the city stands out among foreigners with an Australian visa and in search of new employment opportunities.

As the Australian capital, Canberra is home to some of the country’s most famous monuments, such as the National Gallery of Australia, the National Library, the Australian Academy of Sciences, the Australian War Memorial and the National Museum.

7. Wollongong

After Canberra, the city of Wollongong (also called “The Gong” by locals), in the state of New South Wales, is the 9th most populous city in the country, with around 300,000 inhabitants. The name of the place, located on the east coast of Australia, has aboriginal origin and represents the “five islands” that erupt in the region.

The port activity and the industrial sector are the main economic bets of the place, which occupies a first coastal plain and is a true paradise for those who practice surfing and extreme sports.

8. Victory

In southwestern Australia, the state of Victoria is the second most populous and, because of its territorial area, is considered the most densely populated in the country. Thus, a large part of the population is in Port Phillip Bay, a metropolitan area that includes the local capital, Melbourne.

The name of this administrative region is a tribute to Queen Victoria, who reigned in the British Empire at the time of colonization in 1851. Currently, the state economy is based on financial services, manufacturing and real estate, with a low unemployment rate and, therefore, offering great opportunities to work in Australia.

9. Melbourne

The main city along Port Phillip Bay, which covers nearly 2,000 km², and the capital of the state of Victoria, Melbourne is Australia’s second most populous metropolis, offering a wide range of services and a diversified economy for its 4, 3 million inhabitants.

Founded in 1835 by British settlers such as Lord Melbourne, the city had a peak of growth in the 19th century, and development resumed in the 1950s, with the holding of the Summer Olympic Games in the municipality.

In addition, Melbourne was chosen for the seventh consecutive year by the American magazine The Economist as the best city in the world to live. The title means a lot to a place that invests in the population’s quality of life, from basic sectors to entertainment.

The city is one of the most popular student cities in the world, as it has a frenetic and well-diversified cultural life and some of the top universities in Australia, including The University of Melbourne and Monash University. The capital of the state of Victoria frequently hosts international events and offers tourist attractions such as the National Gallery, the Botanical Gardens and the Victorian Art Center.

10. Geelong

Along the Barwon River, the city of Geelong appears, considered the second largest in the state of Vitória, with about 270 thousand inhabitants. The name of the municipality derives from an aboriginal expression that means “peninsula language”, due to the port aspect of the place, colonized in the 19th century by the English.

With industrial growth in the 1960s, the city became an important manufacturing center in the region. Currently, Geelong’s economy still stands out for its industrial production, but the impact of sectors such as education and health on the city’s income is growing.

11. Queensland

The second largest state in terms of land area and third most populous in Australia, Queensland is in the northeast region of the country-continent and has a total of 5 million inhabitants. With one of the most active economies in the nation, much of the state’s population is concentrated in the capital Brisbane.

Initially inhabited by aboriginal peoples, the state was occupied by English settlers in the 18th century and, since then, it has diversified its economic policy. Currently, the region is one of the champions in the export of tropical fruits and vegetables, in addition to emerging in the mining industry, with the exploration of silver, lead, zinc, gold, among other metals.

12. Brisbane

Bathed by the Pacific Ocean, Queensland’s capital, Brisbane, is Australia’s third largest city and ranks second in economic, cultural and social terms in the country. With almost 2.3 million inhabitants, the metropolis is one of the oldest in the nation, having evolved from an English settlement created in the 1820s, in an area initially occupied by the Turrbal and Jagera aboriginal peoples.

Part of the city’s economy depends on the Brisbane River, where there is one of the most important ports in Australia, responsible for the flow of industrial and commercial production in the state. In addition, the urban area offers breathtaking entertainment and tourist attractions such as Mount Coot-Tha, Story Bridge and Sea World.

Brisbane, finally, is known as the “City of Sunny Days”, as the tropical climate makes most seasons of the year look like summer. The high temperatures please many Brazilian exchange students and expand tourism in eastern Australia.

13. Sunshine Coast

Located on the southeast coast of Queensland, 100 km from Brisbane, the city of Sunshine Coast is the third most populous city in the state, with around 330,000 residents. First discovered by Papuan peoples and later colonized by the British in the 19th century, the place has a rich history and, nowadays, stands out as a tourist hub.

The seaside town is popular with beach lovers (such as Sunrise Beach, Castaways Beach and Peregian Beach), but it also invests in the economy, expanding the finance, healthcare and agriculture sectors.

14. Townsville

On the northeast coast of Australia is Townsville, considered the third most populous city in Queensland. A curious fact about the place is its recent foundation, having been considered a city only in March 2008, after the founding of Townsville and Thuringowa municipalities.

Townsville is also known for its proximity to the Great Barrier Reef and for its sunny weather most of the year. In addition, the quality of life in the city is considered good, with a wide offer of jobs in an economy marked by industrial production and the refining of zinc and nickel.

15. Tasmania

An island located 240 km from the coastal area of mainland Australia, the territory of Tasmania totals 68,000 km²and is separated from the mainland by the Bass Strait. Altogether, the administrative region is home to around 520,000 people, most of whom are concentrated in the capital Hobart and Launceston.

With a vast history, Tasmania may have been inhabited by aborigines 40,000 years ago, dating back to British colonization only in the 19th century, when the state was officially created by the Empire.

16. Hobart

The largest city in the state of Tasmania, Hobart has more than 210,000 residents, with the metropolitan region reaching more than 240,000 inhabitants. Along the Derwent River, the county was founded by the British in 1803, and since then it has seen economic and social policies flourish.

Currently, Hobart’s economy is based on fishing activities and manufacturing trade, also driving the tourism market. In the city, the Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens, Mount Wellington and the Tasman Bridge are must-see attractions.

17. Launceston

In the north of the territory of Tasmania, Launceston appears as the second most populous city in the region and is among the 20 most populated in the country, with a population of 105,000 inhabitants. The foundation of the site dates back to 1806, when British settlers founded the settlement that would become an important urban area in two centuries.

Currently, Launceston’s economy invests in rural activities, being recognized for the production of apple and superfine wool. Likewise, the city is the main commercial center of northern Tasmania and has attracted the attention of visitors, mainly through the Cataract Gorge, a cataract gorge.

18. Western Australia

Western Australia, also called Western Australia, is bordered by the Indian Ocean, to the north, and the Antarctic, to the south, occupying much of the Australian territory. The administrative region, which is the largest in the country-continent in terms of territory, is populated by around 2.6 million people, most of whom are concentrated in Perth.

The first settlement in Western Australia took place in 1831, about 100 km from Perth. Since then, the region has developed economically, boosting mineral extraction and oil processing, for example.

19. Perth

Western Australia’s capital, Perth is also the region’s largest city, with a population of over 2 million, making it one of the nation’s four largest urban areas. Colonized by the British in the 19th century, the name Perth is a reference to a city of the same name in Scotland.

In the estuary of the Swan River, Perth is quite isolated from other metropolises, being 2,100 km from Adelaide, which earned the municipality the title of the most isolated city with more than a million residents on the planet.

In turn, geographic distances helped the local economy to develop and, today, the port of Perth is one of the main exporters of aluminum, gold, nickel and iron in Western Australia.

But whoever thinks that Perth offers only economic attractions is very wrong. The city is the darling of tourists to Western Australia, offering several tourist attractions, such as Kings Park, Perth Zoo, Bibbulmun Track (walking trail) and Swan Valley, to relax in contact with wildlife and wildlife. tropical flora.

20. Mandurah

In Western Australia, Mandurah is located 72 km from the capital, Perth, and is considered the second largest city in the state, with 97,000 residents. Located on the Mandurah estuary, the name of the place refers to “place of negotiation”.

Founded by settlers in the mid-19th century, the municipality is an important commercial center in the region, standing out for its mining, agriculture, retail trade and civil construction sector. Crab fishing is also an important economic asset in the region, being the reason for holding cultural events throughout the year.

21. South Australia

Southern Australia, also called South Australia, is one of the driest territories in the nation, stretching over nearly 1 million km². Despite the large territorial area, this administrative region is considered the fifth largest in demographic terms, being occupied by 1.7 million people.

The capital, Adelaide, concentrates most of the population of Southern Australia, whose history dates back to a British settlement in the mid-19th century.

Today, the state is famous around the world for its refined wine production, the subject of several festivals throughout the year in this region. Manufacturing, mining and agribusiness also stand out in the economy of this area.

22. Adelaide

Located on the south coast, the city of Adelaide is the most populated city in South Australia, currently having more than 1 million inhabitants. Between the peninsula of Fleurieu and Yorke, the city was founded in 1836 and pays homage to Queen Adelaide, then married to William IV of the United Kingdom.

From a small settlement to a large metropolis in Oceania, Adelaide has become a true economic hub of today, investing in industries, technology companies and oil extraction.

The tropical climate is also a benefit of the city, which offers hot summers and mild winters. Due to the average annual temperature, Adelaide is great for those who enjoy outdoor activities and enjoy beautiful natural landscapes.

Night life is also a highlight in this metropolis, with restaurants, bars and pubs that aim to liven up the life of exchange students. During the day, on the other hand, tourist attractions such as the Mt Lofty Ranges mountainous region, the Barossa Valley Vineyards and the Kangoroo Island region should be pure fun.

In this post, you took a trip through Australia, from the Northern Territory to Western Australia, passing through South Australia and Victoria. The panorama explained aspects of the demography, culture and history of the places, while noting the economic policy of each administrative region. Additionally, you’ve noticed how diverse cities in Australia are. Among the largest population concentrations, highlight for Sydney (New South Wales), Melbourne (Victoria), Brisbane (Queensland), Perth (Western Australia) and Adelaide (Southern Australia.), which total more than 14.5 million people.


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